Ime i prezime: Ravenna Westerhout, Daan Zandbergen, Armina Pilav
Ravenna Westerhout (b. 1994, Dutch) is in the course to complete her Master studies in Architecture at the Delft University of Technology (TU Delft). She has done an internship at ARCHEWORKS in Chicago, IL, researching the identity of place in relation to the diversity of Chicago.
She is currently doing her graduation project as part of the Explore Lab, an independent graduation laboratory of the Faculty of Architecture. This Lab gives students the possibility to follow their thematic and spatial interests through intersection of self-designed research methods that further on will inform their graduation projects. Ravenna is exploring the cross-disciplinary field between architecture and film with aim to employ film as a design tool. During this process, she is focussing on post-war conditions in Sarajevo, combining all her main interests in the architecture field: research, society, the role of the architect, border conditions, people, history, cross-media, transcultural studies, film and photography.
For more info: www.ravennawesterhout.com
Daan Zandbergen (b. 1992, Dutch) is a graduate student at The University of Technology in Delft. Daan earned a B.S. in architecture from the TU Eindhoven. He has conducted internships with DiederenDirrix Architects in Eindhoven, MVRDV in Rotterdam, and ARCHEWORKS in Chicago, IL.
Armina Pilav research and practice is looking at the un-war spaces, transitional architectures, ecologies of transformations of the space and society in relation to wartime and postwar conditions. Currently is Marie Curie postdoctoral research fellow and educator at the TU Delft Faculty of Architecture at the Chair of Methods and Analysis. She is co-tutoring a non-academic and itinerary (un)learning program I-TEAM, organized by Relais Culture Europe (Paris). Armina is a member of the Association for Culture and Art Crvena from Sarajevo. She relies on the processes of collective creation of the knowledge in academic and non-academic (un)learning environments employing visual media and architectonic materials, feminist working approach, x-media analysis, source based and eco-social design in (re)production of the space and society. Next to the research, publishing and teaching activities, Armina develops visual works and co-seminars, individually and collectively, such as ?State out of Order? ? covert lecture and collective intervention by Crvena at the international conference ?New Political Mythologies and Art? in Ljubljana (2016). Armina exhibits crossing architecture and art practices at the conferences, festivals and international exhibitions such as Venice Biennale of Architecture.
Interactive and public social sculpture
SIGNAL stands for sloboda (freedom) - interakcija (interaction) - grad (city) - narativ (narrative) - arhitektura (architecture) - letargija (lethargy).
SIGNAL is a process and the space of citizens' re-appropriation of the existing bob and sledge infrastructures with all post-war residuals: concrete tracks, walls of the changing rooms, foundations and walls of press houses, sitting area at the top of the mountain. It is also a proposal to gradually create new relations between the Mountain Trebevic and Sarajevo. Mountain today and its relation to the city, is very complex territory, represented by real and imagined elements of nature, citizens? memories, Olympic past, recent war, post-war environmental risk caused by mines and real-estate projects, destroyed infrastructures used as perfect scenography for graffiti art and extreme sports, film scenarios, political campaigns, dual administration, criminal encounters and so on.
SIGNAL aim is to take bob and sledge track and translate its complex existence into the five socio-spatial scales of the project:
_ S - sloboda (freedom) stands for the open processes of use of the bob and sledge track
_ I - interakcija stands for citizens? interaction with the bob and sledge track
_ G - grad (city) stands for the relation between Sarajevo and Trebevic
_N - narativ (narrative) stands for the learning and creation of urban narratives
_A - arhitektura stands for the design interventions proposed by SIGNAL
_L - letargija (lethargy) stands for the state of socio-spatial slowness and inactivity
Scale of Sloboda (Freedom)
In these processes freedom is taken as tool for citizens and visitors to use and create the space and sociality. Nature is also perceived as an interface of the freedom and not only as an aesthetic element. Since the war ended natural processes took over the concrete and iron of the bob and sledge track while creating hybrid micro landscapes (Image 1). We are proposing to preserve these hybrid natural processes as the materials for the new narratives crossing artificial and natural resources. Human needs towards the public or common spaces are not always the same and we are expecting both constructive and destructive uses of SIGNAL. Relation between Sarajevo and Trebevic is exciting and painful in the same time. Scale of sloboda is not only a concept but should be modeled by everyone, citizens, visitors and finally the life of our design proposals. ÿÿÿ
Scale of Interakcija (Interaction)
Interactive processes will be developed through the architectural design that will rely on the existing infrastructure, and interaction will actually happen when the space will start to be used by citizens and visitors. It will include surrounding environment of the bob and sledge track and all its elements. Interaction is perceived as the citizens? processes of using the space through proposed architectural interventions but also through their own needs. Scale of interaction is also an invitation to everyone to take care and improve SIGNAL and its surroundings without installing authoritative controls as can be police or security. Thus, it will try to pose the question about controlling human destructive capacity towards the space. ÿ
Scale of the Grad (city)
From different places on the mountain, the whole city could be seen clearly, as if placed on the palm of the hand. In 1992, Trebevic changed its role and meaning for the citizens of Sarajevo. Trebevic and other hills around the city were the refuge and outpost for the Serbian besieging forces. In 1996, when war ended in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the mountain was almost completely contaminated with mines, especially the slopes oriented toward the city. De-mining was completed by the end of 2008, when, as it was written in local daily magazines, Mountain Trebevic was finally given back to its citizens. The most interesting relation between Trebevic and Sarajevo using the bob and sledge track is the view from the Mountain at the city. SIGNAL offers different panoramic spots attached to the existing infrastructure freely accessible to use them at any time. The other relation will be offered by sound installations that are narrating citizens memories about Trebevic from before the war.
Scale of the Narative (Narrative)
SIGNAL is interested in the collection of individual narratives that further on are creating the collective narrative about the Mountain, City and the bob and sledge track crossing different historical times. These narratives include Olympic history, war memories and destruction, post-war use of the bob and sledge track for extreme sports, walks, layers of the graffiti. We are planning to create an open info point and exhibition created from the existing images, Olympic games archive relying on the remaining collection of the Olympic Museum placed in ZETRA at the moment. Development of the info point and the exhibition is imagined through the participatory workshops with citizens and organisation of public lectures with different professionals. It is meant to be a learning process in collaboration with the urban planning offices or local and international architects and NGOs that are working with the question of the representation of the contested public spaces. ÿ
Scale of the Arhitektura (Architecture)
The intervention is based on flexible and versatile structures that are developing in collaboration between the existing infrastructure and the SIGNAL design interventions. Architecture is the tool for interaction with the existing environment and adaptation to the unknown future of the citizens and visitors use of it. SIGNAL is interested to create the different possibilities of use of the space for different seasons. It seeks to create transitional space between Trebevic, Sarajevo and the bob and sledge track as a public and common space, giving a new life both to the historical and cultural traces present on the mountain.
Scale of architecture contains following design interventions:
* Structure (generating access, connecting)
* Free light line powered by solar panels
* Soundscapes installed on the bullet holes and possible to hear only when you are next to the hole
* Information centre in the old press station. In the future, more of the existing structures could be converted to a new function, and if necessary correlating with their previous use.
* Adding botanical micro landscapes to luge track that are made from the existing intersections of concrete and plant reaction to it
* Waste collection points that are also getting sculptural form by the type and forms of garbage
* Digital and signed proposal for the alternative walkscapes that are including Observatory, cable car arrival/departing point and the hidden bunkers on the Mountain
Scale of Letargija (lethargy)
This scale is part of the socio-spatial slowness and inactivity, looking at the dark sides of the Mountain spaces that contains invisible elements as the war trauma or visible element as destruction and the garbage on the Mountain. We consider lethargy as an important element of the transformative processes of the bob and sledge track. It is the space that is not always possible to explain and conceptually speaking it can be part of every proposed scale. We cannot imagine that the space after SIGNAL or any other architectural or urban intervention will be normative, performative and well preserved. Scale of letargija (lethargy) is the condition that is proposing to observe yourself and your action or non-actions in relation to the Mountain, City and the bob and sledge track. It can be discussed through SIGNAL project development, participatory workshop with citizens, its use by citizens and visitors.